Generally speaking, there are two types of cooperation agreements that Europol can conclude with states and other entities outside the EU: strategic and operational agreements. Europol originated from TREVI, a forum for security cooperation set up in 1976 between the Ministers of the Interior and Justice of the European Community. Trevi initially focused on international terrorism, but soon began to cover other areas of cross-border crime within the Community. At the European Summit in Luxembourg on 28 and 29 June 1991, Chancellor Helmut Kohl called for the creation of a European police authority similar to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), thus sowing the seeds of police cooperation throughout Europe. At the summit, the European Council agreed to “set up, by 31 December 1993 at the latest, a Central European Criminal Investigation Office (Europol)”.      The Agency has also concluded other agreements with private companies. Europol also cooperates closely with a number of EU institutions and agencies on the basis of cooperation agreements. In addition, other States with which Europol has concluded cooperation agreements shall be represented by at least one liaison officer, as well as Interpol and Eurojust. As a result, officials from 41 countries as well as interpol and Eurojust are in the same location, facilitating communication between themselves and with each other and between their respective national authorities. The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, better known as Europol, formerly Europol`s European Police Office and Drugs Service, is the law enforcement agency of the European Union (EU), established in 1998 to process criminal police information and combat serious international organised crime and terrorism through cooperation between the competent authorities of the EU Member States. The Agency shall have no executive powers and its officials shall not be authorised to arrest suspects or act without the prior authorisation of the competent authorities of the Member States. Based in The Hague, it employed 1,065 people in 2016. The Director of Europol may conclude agreements with other countries and international organisations for Europol.
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